Prof. Michael Zwicky Hauschild
(Technical University of Denmark, Denmark)
An Integrated Framework for Life Cycle Engineering
Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) was introduced as a concept more than 24 years ago in order to address emerging concerns about environmental sustainability in engineering. A number of methods and tools have been introduced to operationalise the LCE concept, but since then, the scope of sustainability has broadened, and as a result, LCE has evolved in parallel with other disciplines with similar aims. Currently, in addition to LCE, there exist a number of concepts such as Industrial Ecology, Cleaner Production, Life Cycle Management, Industrial Symbiosis, and Circular Economy. As a result, orientation becomes challenging and a framework to integrate them is required. The paper aims to introduce an integrated framework for Life Cycle Engineering defining the concept and its boundaries, and it argues for the need to reorientate Life Cycle Engineering towards the environmental dimension of sustainability. Through an integrated top-down and bottom-up approach, the framework establishes a relationship between LCE and the other concepts and positions them relative to the planetary boundaries and the concept of absolute environmental sustainability.
Mr. Richard Hughes
(the Association of Manufacturers of Domestic Appliances, UK)
The EU Circular Economy Package
- Life Cycle Thinking to Life Cycle Law?
The European Union (EU) has had laws on the disposal of waste for over 30 years and laws concerning the environmental performance of products for over 20 years. However, these laws have not formed a cohesive whole â€� and that is about to change. December 2015 saw the European Commission (the body responsible for proposing new EU legislation) proposed its Circular Economy Package, with the stated objective of "closing the loop" of product lifecycles. The paper provides an overview of this package, and demonstrates why the development of standards underpins future legislation. First-hand information is provided, since the author of the paper is the Convenor of the newly created group responsible for drafting standards related to material efficiency of products.
Mr. Nicholas Yeo Chang Yee
(Advanced Remanufacturing Technology Centre, Singapore)
Revolutionizing Technology for the Remanufacturing Industry
Remanufacturing serves as one key enabler for sustainable manufacturing, through closing the loop of material flow and increasing the efficiency of material usage. However, high labor intensity, a lack of advanced technology and inconsistency in remanufactured partsâ€� quality remain as vital issues for remanufacturing operations to address in order to increase its uptake across different industry sectors. The Advanced Remanufacturing and Technology Centre (ARTC) is tackling these concerns by developing advanced manufacturing techniques for application in remanufacturing operations. The parallel introduction of new digital technologies, to prepare remanufacturing for the upcoming Industry 4.0 trend, is also being addressed. The impact, opportunities and challenges associated with this technology revolution will be discussed.
Mr. Yasuhiko Yamazaki
(Denso Corporation, Japan)
Development of 1/N Machine Responding to Global Lean Production
International business competition has been becoming more and more intense with economic growth of emerging countries. One of the biggest concerns for expanding global production is localization of parts. Parts processing needs high technology and its localization requires a certain level of production volume and high investment. This has caused a delay in parts localization, which has become one of the significant hindrances to the competitiveness. This delay in parts localization increases parts cost and also becomes an obstacle to lean production due to long lead time and a lot of inventory. We developed 1/N machines in order to solve these issues in parts processing and build new lean production system with high cost competitiveness. This system could generate steady competitiveness even throughout the product life cycle.
Mr. Hisashi Asada
(ICT Solution div. Komatsu Ltd., Japan)
IoT Utilization in KOMATSU
KOMATSU has been utilizing IoT for their business for more than 15 years. KOMATSU IoT named "KOMTRAX" is adapted to not only internal operation optimization but also value provision to customers. In terms of customer's value, KOMATSU is focusing on improvement of life cycle cost of machines and customer's operation with machines in real site. These key points and challenges are explained in this session.